Mortgage Benefits: Q&A
Additional incentives to encourage buyers to buy green are available. In addition to the many benefits of living in a green home, there are many financial incentives that can help make green homeownership even more affordable.
About Energy Efficient Mortgages
The Energy Efficient Mortgage (EEM) recognizes that energy efficient homes cost homeowners less to operate on a monthly basis than standard homes because they use less energy. Home buyers who chose energy efficient homes can afford to spend more on their housing expenses because they will likely spend less on their energy costs. The EEM allows borrowers to qualify for a larger mortgage as a result of the energy savings. The EEM benefits those buying new, energy efficient homes or those purchasing existing homes that need energy improvements.
Q: What is an EEM?
A: An EEM (Energy Efficient Mortgage) can help you purchase an energy efficient home. The EEM recognizes that energy efficient homes cost homeowners less to operate on a monthly basis than standard homes because they use less energy. Home buyers who choose energy efficient homes can afford to spend more on their mortgage loan because they will likely spend less on their energy costs.
Q: Why should I buy an energy efficient home?
A: Energy efficient homes cost less, have improved comfort, and create less pollution. An energy efficient home will use less energy for heating, cooling, and water heating as compared to a standard home.
Energy efficient homes use less energy, but feel warmer in the winter and cooler in the summer. The air quality may even be better in an energy efficient home, as improved duct systems will improve balanced airflow to all of the rooms.
Energy efficient homes also create less pollution. The average home produces twice as much greenhouse gas pollution as the average car. So reducing the amount of energy used in a home can drastically decrease the amount of pollution created to generate the electricity for homes.
Q: How does the EEM benefit the borrower?
A: The EEM benefits the borrower in several ways. First, the estimated energy savings are added to the borrower's income to allow the home buyer to qualify for a larger total mortgage amount. Second, by increasing borrowing power, the EEM allows borrowers to include the costs of energy improvements into the total mortgage amount. 100% of the energy improvements, typically up to 15% of the value of the home, can be financed and paid for over the life of the mortgage, reserving the borrower's cash for more immediate, move-in costs. Third, the value of the home is adjusted by the value of the energy efficient improvements.
Q: What types of homes can qualify for the EEM?
A: The EEM can be used for one-unit, single-family, owner occupied principal residences, PUDs, and condominiums. The homes may be new construction or existing housing.
Q: Can a home that is already energy efficient qualify for the EEM?
A: Yes, the EEM can be used for homes that are energy efficient at the time of purchase.
Q: What types of transactions can the EEM be used for?
The EEM can be used for both purchase and refinance transactions. The standard EEM can be used for limited cash-out refinances.
Q: How does a home qualify for the EEM?
A: Existing homes must have a RESNET accredited rating report to evaluate the home's energy efficiency in its current state or to identify opportunities for cost-efficient energy efficient upgrades.
If the home was newly constructed, the home can have a rating report. After completion, the home is evaluated with a home energy rating.
Q: What is a home energy rating?
A: The home energy rating is a standard measurement of the home's energy efficiency. An energy rating allows a home buyer to easily compare the energy costs for the homes being considered.
Q: Is the home verified as EEM?
A: The home energy rater inspects the home and measures its energy characteristics, such as insulation levels, window efficiency, wall-to-window ratios, the heating and cooling system efficiency, and the solar orientation of the home. Performance testing, such as a blower door test that measures door and duct leakage may be used. The home receives a point score between 1 and 100, depending on its relative efficiency. An estimate of the home's energy costs is also provided. A homeowner who wants to upgrade the energy efficiency can use the energy rating to evaluate and pinpoint specific, cost-effective improvements.
Q: How does an energy efficient home qualify for an EEM?
A: The rating report compares the energy efficient home against a similar home meeting the minimum energy requirements of the International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) (often called the "reference home). The rating confirms that the home when built achieves the intended design and performance specifications.
Q: What is meant by "cost effective"?
A: The benefit the borrower will receive in energy savings must exceed the cost to install the improvements. If the benefits do not exceed the installed costs, then the improvements are not cost effective and the home will not qualify for an EEM.